Surgical management of chronic high-grade acromioclavicular joint dislocations: a systematic review.
Paul Borbas, James Churchill, Eugene T Ek
Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery | Published : 2019
BACKGROUND: To date, no gold-standard technique exists for the treatment of chronic acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) instability. We systematically reviewed the clinical results of 3 main categories of ACJ reconstruction for high-grade chronic instability. METHODS: A literature search was performed according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. The inclusion criteria were clinical studies involving patients with ACJ instability (Rockwood grades III-VI) for at least 6 weeks, managed with ACJ stabilization, with a minimum 1-year follow-up. Depending on the surgical technique, patients were divided into 1 of 3 groups: nonbiological fixation bet..View full abstract