Journal article

ACC Sulcal Patterns and Their Modulation on Cognitive Control Efficiency Across Lifespan: A Neuroanatomical Study on Bilinguals and Monolinguals

Nicola Del Maschio, Simone Sulpizio, Davide Fedeli, Keerthi Ramanujan, Guosheng Ding, Brendan S Weekes, Arnaud Cachia, Jubin Abutalebi

Cerebral Cortex | OXFORD UNIV PRESS INC | Published : 2019

Abstract

The anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) is a key structure implicated in the regulation of cognitive control (CC). Previous studies suggest that variability in the ACC sulcal pattern-a neurodevelopmental marker unaffected by maturation or plasticity after birth-is associated with intersubject differences in CC performance. Here, we investigated whether bilingual experience modulates the effects of ACC sulcal variability on CC performance across the lifespan. Using structural MRI, we first established the distribution of the ACC sulcal patterns in a large sample of healthy individuals (N = 270) differing on gender and ethnicity. Second, a participants' subsample (N = 157) was selected to test whe..

View full abstract