Journal article

Acquired cardiac channelopathies in epilepsy: Evidence, mechanisms, and clinical significance

Michael CH Li, Terence J O'Brien, Marian Todaro, Kim L Powell

Epilepsia | WILEY | Published : 2019

Abstract

There is growing evidence that cardiac dysfunction in patients with chronic epilepsy could play a pathogenic role in sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP). Recent animal studies have revealed that epilepsy secondarily alters the expression of cardiac ion channels alongside abnormal cardiac electrophysiology and remodeling. These molecular findings represent novel evidence for an acquired cardiac channelopathy in epilepsy, distinct from inherited ion channels mutations associated with cardiocerebral phenotypes. Specifically, seizure activity has been shown to alter the messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein expression of voltage-gated sodium channels (Nav 1.1, Nav 1.5), voltage-gated potassiu..

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