Journal article

Is it better to cultivate positive affect or optimism? Predicting improvements in medical adherence following a positive psychology intervention in patients with acute coronary syndrome

Laura Duque, Lydia Brown, Christopher M Celano, Brian Healy, Jeff C Huffman

GENERAL HOSPITAL PSYCHIATRY | ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC | Published : 2019

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Adherence to health behaviors following an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is strongly associated with superior prognosis. Both optimism and positive affect may play important roles in such adherence. However, the relationship between changes in these constructs in the context of positive psychology interventions (PPIs) and adherence to health behaviors is not fully understood. Accordingly, we aimed to examine these relationships among a cohort of post-ACS patients receiving a PPI. METHOD: Post-ACS participants who received a PPI during a factorial trial (N = 128) completed self-report measures of positive affect and optimism, along with the Medical Outcomes Study Specific Adherence..

View full abstract

Grants

Awarded by NATIONAL HEART, LUNG, AND BLOOD INSTITUTE


Funding Acknowledgements

This research project was supported by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute through grant (removed for blinding). Time for analysis and article preparation was funded by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute through grant (removed for blinding). The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health. (removed for blinding) has received honoraria from Sunovion Pharmaceuticals for talks on topics unrelated to this work. The authors have no other relevant conflicts of interest to report.