Selective sensitization to tumor necrosis factor-alpha-induced apoptosis by blockade of NF-kappaB in primary glomerular mesangial cells.
H Sugiyama, JS Savill, M Kitamura, L Zhao, E Stylianou
J Biol Chem | Published : 1999
Recent data have implicated nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) in the prevention of apoptosis in transformed cell lines exposed to tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha). However, it is obscure whether NF-kappaB plays an anti-apoptotic role in nontransformed cells, and it is not clear whether NF-kappaB inhibits apoptosis triggered by other mediators. We investigated the effect of specific inhibition of NF-kappaB on cytokine-induced apoptosis of glomerular mesangial cells, which is important in determining the outcome of glomerulonephritis. Cultured rat mesangial cells were stably transfected with the dominant negative mutant inhibitor of NF-kappaB (IkappaBalphaM). IkappaBalphaM was resistant..View full abstract