Journal article

Attention promotes the neural encoding of prediction errors

Cooper A Smout, Matthew F Tang, Marta Garrido, Jason B Mattingley

PLOS Biology | PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE | Published : 2019

Abstract

The encoding of sensory information in the human brain is thought to be optimised by two principal processes: 'prediction' uses stored information to guide the interpretation of forthcoming sensory events, and 'attention' prioritizes these events according to their behavioural relevance. Despite the ubiquitous contributions of attention and prediction to various aspects of perception and cognition, it remains unknown how they interact to modulate information processing in the brain. A recent extension of predictive coding theory suggests that attention optimises the expected precision of predictions by modulating the synaptic gain of prediction error units. Because prediction errors code for..

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Grants

Awarded by Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Integrative Brain Function


Awarded by Australian Research Council Australian Laureate Fellowship


Awarded by University of Queensland Fellowship


Funding Acknowledgements

Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Integrative Brain Function https://www.cibf.edu.au/(grant number CE140100007). Received by JBM and MIG. The funder had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. Australian Research Council Australian Laureate Fellowship http://www.arc.gov.au/australian-laureate-fellowships (grant number FL110100103). Received by JBM. The funder had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. University of Queensland Fellowship https://research.uq.edu.au/research-support/research-management/funding-schemes/uq-internal-initiatives/uq-development-fellowships (grant number 2016000071). Received by MIG. The funder had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.