Why bilateral medial rectus recession fails? Factors associated with early repeated surgery.
Anat Bachar Zipori, Oriel Spierer, Justin C Sherwin, Lionel Kowal
Int Ophthalmol | Published : 2020
BACKGROUND: To explore the risk factors for failure of bilateral medial rectus muscle recession (BMR) for esotropia. METHODS: We reviewed 171 consecutive patients with esotropia who underwent bilateral medial rectus muscle recession as a primary procedure from January 2009 to December 2011. Patients with infantile, partially accommodative and acquired esotropia were included. We compared patients who required more than one surgery to patients who only had one operation. RESULTS: A total of 171 patients (89 males, 52%, mean age 5.1 ± 6.0 years, range 0.4-51 years) fulfilled the inclusion criteria and comprised the study population. Mean follow-up period was 17.4 ± 15.5 months (range 1-65 mont..View full abstract