Effect of clinical signs, endocrinopathies, timing of surgery, hyperlipidemia, and hyperbilirubinemia on outcome in dogs with gallbladder mucocele.
JA Jaffey, M Pavlick, CR Webster, GE Moore, KA McDaniel, SL Blois, EM Brand, CF Reich, L Motschenbacher, ET Hostnik, D Su, JA Lidbury, O Raab, SV Carr, KE Mabry, W Fox-Alvarez, S Townsend, S Palermo, Y Nakazono, K Ohno Show all
The Veterinary Journal | Elsevier | Published : 2019
Gallbladder mucocele (GBM) is a common extra-hepatic biliary syndrome in dogs with death rates ranging from 7 to 45%. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify the association of survival with variables that could be utilized to improve clinical decisions. A total of 1194 dogs with a gross and histopathological diagnosis of GBM were included from 41 veterinary referral hospitals in this retrospective study. Dogs with GBM that demonstrated abnormal clinical signs had significantly greater odds of death than subclinical dogs in a univariable analysis (OR, 4.2; 95% CI, 2.14-8.23; P<0.001). The multivariable model indicated that categorical variables including owner recognition of jaundic..View full abstract