Journal article

Evaluating and improving heritability models using summary statistics

Doug Speed, John Holmes, David Balding

Published : 2019


There is currently much debate regarding the best way to model how heritability varies across the genome. The authors of GCTA recommend the GCTA-LDMS-I Model, the authors of LD Score Regression recommend the Baseline LD Model, while we have instead recommended the LDAK Model. Here we provide a statistical framework for assessing heritability models using summary statistics from genome-wide association studies. Using data from studies of 31 complex human traits (average sample size 136,000), we show that the Baseline LD Model is the most realistic of the existing heritability models, but that it can be improved by incorporating features from the LDAK Model. Our framework also provides a metho..

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