Journal article

Dry Eye Disease: A Review of Epidemiology in Taiwan, and its Clinical Treatment and Merits

Yu-Kai Kuo, I-Chan Lin, Li-Nien Chien, Tzu-Yu Lin, Ying-Ting How, Ko-Hua Chen, Gregory J Dusting, Ching-Li Tseng



Dry eye disease (DED) has become common on a global scale in recent years. There is a wide prevalence of DED in different countries based on various ethnicities and environment. DED is a multifactorial ocular disorder. In addition to advanced age and gender, such factors as living at high altitude, smoking, pterygium, prolonged use of consumer electronics or overingesting of caffeine or multivitamins are considered to be the major risk factors of DED. We report the DED epidemiology in Taiwan firstly in this article. According to the pathophysiological factors and changes inthe composition of the tear film in DED, it can be categorized into several subtypes, including lipid anomaly dry eye, a..

View full abstract


Awarded by Shuang Ho Hospital, Taipei Medical University

Awarded by Ministry of Science, Taiwan

Awarded by Ministry of Education (MOE) in Taiwan

Funding Acknowledgements

This work was supported in part by a grant from the Shuang Ho Hospital, Taipei Medical University, (107TMU-SHH-18) and the Ministry of Science, Taiwan (MOST 106-2628-E-038-001-MY3), and partially financial supporter of the Higher Education Sprout Project by the Ministry of Education (MOE) in Taiwan at grant No. DP2-108-21121-01-0-01-01.