Journal article

Liquid gold: the cost-effectiveness of urine sample collection methods for young precontinent children

Jonathan Kaufman, Andrew Joshua Knight, Penelope A Bryant, Franz E Babl, Kim Dalziel

Archives of Disease in Childhood | BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2020


BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common childhood infection. Many febrile children require a urine sample to diagnose or exclude UTI. Collecting urine from young children can be time-consuming, unsuccessful or contaminated. Cost-effectiveness of each collection method in the emergency department is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine the cost-effectiveness of urine collection methods for precontinent children. METHODS: A cost-effectiveness analysis was conducted comparing non-invasive (urine bag, clean catch and 5 min voiding stimulation for clean catch) and invasive (catheterisation and suprapubic aspirate (SPA)) collection methods, for children aged 0-24 months in the emergency ..

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Funding Acknowledgements

JK is supported in part by an Australian Government Research Training Program Scholarship and Melbourne Children's Postgraduate Health Research Scholarship. FEB is supported in part by a National Health and Medical Research Council Practitioner Fellowship and Melbourne Children's Clinician Scientist Fellowship. PAB is supported in part by a Melbourne Children's Clinician Scientist Fellowship. KD and AJK declare no funding related to this paper. The RCH Melbourne receives infrastructure support from the Victorian Government's Infrastructure Support Program, Melbourne, Australia.