Liquid gold: the cost-effectiveness of urine sample collection methods for young precontinent children
Jonathan Kaufman, Andrew Joshua Knight, Penelope A Bryant, Franz E Babl, Kim Dalziel
Archives of Disease in Childhood | BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2020
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common childhood infection. Many febrile children require a urine sample to diagnose or exclude UTI. Collecting urine from young children can be time-consuming, unsuccessful or contaminated. Cost-effectiveness of each collection method in the emergency department is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine the cost-effectiveness of urine collection methods for precontinent children. METHODS: A cost-effectiveness analysis was conducted comparing non-invasive (urine bag, clean catch and 5 min voiding stimulation for clean catch) and invasive (catheterisation and suprapubic aspirate (SPA)) collection methods, for children aged 0-24 months in the emergency ..View full abstract
JK is supported in part by an Australian Government Research Training Program Scholarship and Melbourne Children's Postgraduate Health Research Scholarship. FEB is supported in part by a National Health and Medical Research Council Practitioner Fellowship and Melbourne Children's Clinician Scientist Fellowship. PAB is supported in part by a Melbourne Children's Clinician Scientist Fellowship. KD and AJK declare no funding related to this paper. The RCH Melbourne receives infrastructure support from the Victorian Government's Infrastructure Support Program, Melbourne, Australia.