Journal article

Genotype-by-environment interactions inferred from genetic effects on phenotypic variability in the UK Biobank

Huanwei Wang, Futao Zhang, Jian Zeng, Yang Wu, Kathryn E Kemper, Angli Xue, Min Zhang, Joseph E Powell, Michael E Goddard, Naomi R Wray, Peter M Visscher, Allan F McRae, Jian Yang

SCIENCE ADVANCES | AMER ASSOC ADVANCEMENT SCIENCE | Published : 2019

Abstract

Genotype-by-environment interaction (GEI) is a fundamental component in understanding complex trait variation. However, it remains challenging to identify genetic variants with GEI effects in humans largely because of the small effect sizes and the difficulty of monitoring environmental fluctuations. Here, we demonstrate that GEI can be inferred from genetic variants associated with phenotypic variability in a large sample without the need of measuring environmental factors. We performed a genome-wide variance quantitative trait locus (vQTL) analysis of ~5.6 million variants on 348,501 unrelated individuals of European ancestry for 13 quantitative traits in the UK Biobank and identified 75 s..

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University of Melbourne Researchers