Journal article

The roles of musical expertise and sensory feedback in beat keeping and joint action

Benjamin G Schultz, Caroline Palmer



Auditory feedback of actions provides additional information about the timing of one's own actions and those of others. However, little is known about how musicians and nonmusicians integrate auditory feedback from multiple sources to regulate their own timing or to (intentionally or unintentionally) coordinate with a partner. We examined how musical expertise modulates the role of auditory feedback in a two-person synchronization-continuation tapping task. Pairs of individuals were instructed to tap at a rate indicated by an initial metronome cue in all four auditory feedback conditions: no feedback, self-feedback (cannot hear their partner), other feedback (cannot hear themselves), or full..

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University of Melbourne Researchers


Awarded by NSERC

Funding Acknowledgements

This work was supported by a Canada Research Chair and NSERC grant 298173 awarded to Caroline Palmer. The authors would like to thank James O'Callaghan for his aid in the construction of the Max/MSP script, and Nancy Li and Henri Rabalais for their assistance in data collection. Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Benjamin G. Schultz who is presently at the Department of Psychopharmacology and Neuropsychology, Faculty of Psychology & Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Universiteitssingel 40, Maastricht, 6229 ER, Netherlands, or to Caroline Palmer, Department of Psychology, McGill University, 1205 Dr. Penfield Ave., Montreal, QC, H3A 1B1, Canada,