Journal article

Experimental study of architectural adjustments on pedestrian flow features at bottlenecks

Jianyu Wang, Jian Ma, Peng Lin, Juan Chen, Zhijian Fu, Tao Li, Majid Sarvi

Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment | IOP Publishing | Published : 2019

Abstract

Crowd dynamics has been attracting more and more attention in the past decades because of the serious accidents occurred within pedestrian crowds, especially near bottlenecks. In this paper, pedestrian flow features at bottlenecks, i.e. room exits, are investigated with human-experiments considering varying door sizes and locations. The measure of evacuation time all indicated that lager door widths showed higher egress efficiency. Our analyses showed that the time lapses between two successive pedestrians displayed heavy-tailed distribution in all the scenarios studied. Meanwhile, regardless of the physical setups, faster flow rate and greater burst sizes with the increasing door width were..

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University of Melbourne Researchers

Grants

Awarded by National Natural Science Foundation of China


Awarded by Key Research and Development Program


Awarded by China Scholarship Council


Funding Acknowledgements

The authors deeply acknowledge the support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 71473207 and 71871189), the Key Research and Development Program (2017YFC0804906) and China Scholarship Council (File No. 201807000056). The authors extend their sincere gratitude to the editor and two anonymous reviewers for their insightful remarks.