Journal article

When can we trust responders? Serious concerns when using 50% response rate to assess clinical trials

Philippa J Karoly, Juan Romero, Mark J Cook, Dean R Freestone, Daniel M Goldenholz

Epilepsia | Wiley | Published : 2019


Individual seizure rates are highly volatile, with large fluctuations from month‐to‐month. Nevertheless, changes in individual mean seizure rates are used to measure whether or not trial participants successfully respond to treatment. This study aims to quantify the challenges in identifying individual treatment responders in epilepsy. A power calculation was performed to determine the trial duration required to detect a significant 50% decrease in seizure rates (P < .05) for individuals. Seizure rate simulations were also performed to determine the number of people who would appear to be 50% responders by chance. Seizure rate statistics were derived from long‐term seizure counts recorded du..

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