Implementation of screening and management of household contacts of tuberculosis cases in Daru, Papua New Guinea
A Honjepari, S Madiowi, S Madjus, C Burkot, S Islam, G Chan, SS Majumdar, SM Graham
Public Health Action | International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease | Published : 2019
Setting: Daru Island, Western Province, Papua New Guinea (PNG). Objective: To describe the implementation of a screening programme for household contacts of tuberculosis (TB) cases residing on Daru Island. Design: A retrospective descriptive study evaluating two periods of implementation: introduction and expansion of a screening programme for household contacts of drug-resistant TB (DR- TB) cases (March 2016 to September 2017), and inclusion of drug-susceptible TB (DS-TB) cases with provision of preventive therapy for eligible contacts between October 2017 and March 2018. Results: In the first period, the contact screening programme was established and strengthened by increasing covera..View full abstract
This research was conducted as part of the first Operational Research Course for Tuberculosis in Papua New Guinea (PNG). The specific training programme that resulted in this publication was developed and implemented by the Burnet Institute (Melbourne, VIC, Australia) in collaboration with the PNG Institute of Medical Research (Goroka) and University of PNG (Port Moresby), and supported by the PNG National Department of Health Emergency Response Taskforce for MDR and XDR-TB, the National TB Programme and Western Provincial Health Office, Daru, PNG. The model is based on the Structured Operational Research and Training Initiative (SORT IT), a global partnership led by the Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases at the World Health Organization (WHO/TDR).The investigators acknowledge and thank the following people who have contributed to the protocol development, planned data collection or analysis from which the operational research topic was developed: L Gonzalez, E Hapolo, A Wallis, P Wallis, P Alonso Ustero, R Commons, L Comrie-Thomson and A Peter. The training programme was delivered as part of the Tropical Disease Research Regional Collaboration Initiative, which is supported by the Australian Government and implemented by the Menzies School of Health Research (Darwin, NT, Australia) and the Burnet Institute. The views expressed in this publication are the authors' alone and are not necessarily the views of the Australian or PNG Governments. The funder had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish or preparation of the manuscript.