Journal article

An Evidence-Based Perspective on Movement and Activity Following Median Sternotomy

Doa El-Ansary, Tanya Kinney LaPier, Jenny Adams, Richard Gach, Susan Triano, Ali Katijjahbe, Andrew D Hirschhorn, Sean F Mungovan, Ana Lotshaw, Lawrence P Cahalin

Physical Therapy | OXFORD UNIV PRESS INC | Published : 2019

Abstract

Cardiac surgery via median sternotomy is performed in over 1 million patients per year worldwide. Despite evidence, sternal precautions in the form of restricted arm and trunk activity are routinely prescribed to patients following surgery to prevent sternal complications. Sternal precautions may exacerbate loss of independence and prevent patients from returning home directly after hospital discharge. In addition, immobility and deconditioning associated with restricting physical activity potentially contribute to the negative sequelae of median sternotomy on patient symptoms, physical and psychosocial function, and quality of life. Interpreting the clinical impact of sternal precautions is..

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