Journal article

Telomere dysfunction induces metabolic and mitochondrial compromise

Erguen Sahin, Simona Colla, Marc Liesa, Javid Moslehi, Florian L Mueller, Mira Guo, Marcus Cooper, Darrell Kotton, Attila J Fabian, Carl Walkey, Richard S Maser, Giovanni Tonon, Friedrich Foerster, Robert Xiong, Y Alan Wang, Sachet A Shukla, Mariela Jaskelioff, Eric S Martin, Timothy P Heffernan, Alexei Protopopov Show all

Nature | NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2011

Abstract

Telomere dysfunction activates p53-mediated cellular growth arrest, senescence and apoptosis to drive progressive atrophy and functional decline in high-turnover tissues. The broader adverse impact of telomere dysfunction across many tissues including more quiescent systems prompted transcriptomic network analyses to identify common mechanisms operative in haematopoietic stem cells, heart and liver. These unbiased studies revealed profound repression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma, coactivator 1 alpha and beta (PGC-1α and PGC-1β, also known as Ppargc1a and Ppargc1b, respectively) and the downstream network in mice null for either telomerase reverse transcriptase (Tert) o..

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Awarded by NATIONAL CANCER INSTITUTE


Awarded by NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF DIABETES AND DIGESTIVE AND KIDNEY DISEASES


Funding Acknowledgements

We thank C. Bianchi, J. Moriarty, K. Marmon and E. Thompson for excellent mouse husbandry and care. We are grateful to B. Spiegelman, P. Puigserver, J. E. Dominy and J. L. Estall for providing Ad-PGC-1 alpha and Ad-GFP virus and helpful comments on the manuscript. We thank G. I. Evan for the p53-ER construct. We appreciate input, critical comments and helpful discussions from many DePinho/Chin lab members, in particular A.-J. Chen, C. Khoo, R. Carrasco, A. Kimmelman, S. Quayle, D. Liu and R. Wiedemeyer. We acknowledge the services of the Mouse Metabolism Cores at Yale (NIH/NIDDK U24 DK-59635) and at Baylor College of Medicine (BCM) and the BCM Diabetes & Endocrinology Research Center (DERC) grant (P30 DK079638). E.S. was supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and this work and R.A.D. are supported by R01 and U01 grants from the NIH National Cancer Institute and the Robert A. and Renee E. Belfer Foundation. R.A.D. was supported by an Ellison Foundation for Medical Research Senior Scholar and an American Cancer Society Research Professor award. M.L. is a recipient of a postdoctoral fellowship from Fundacion Ramon Areces.