Journal article

A randomized trial of oropharyngeal airways to assist stabilization of preterm infants in the delivery room

C Omar F Kamlin, Georg M Schmolzer, Jennifer A Dawson, Lorraine McGrory, Joyce O'Shea, Susan M Donath, Laila Lorenz, Stuart B Hooper, Peter G Davis



OBJECTIVE: Positive pressure ventilation (PPV) using a ventilation device and a face mask is recommended for compromised newborn infants in the delivery room (DR). Airway obstruction and face mask leak during PPV may contribute to failure of resuscitation. Using an oropharyngeal airway (OPA) may improve efficacy of mask PPV. To determine whether the use of an OPA with mask PPV in the DR during stabilization of infants <34 weeks' gestational age, reduces the incidence of airway obstruction. INTERVENTION AND MEASUREMENTS: An international two center unblinded randomized trial. Infants assessed by the clinical team to require PPV, were randomly assigned to receive PPV using a T Piece device wit..

View full abstract


Awarded by Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)

Funding Acknowledgements

We would like to thank the public for donation to our funding agencies: Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Program Grant #606789. JAD and COFK are recipients of a NHMRC Post-Doctoral Fellowship and are supported by the Victorian Government's Operational Infrastructure Support Program. PGD is recipient of an NHMRC Practitioner Fellowship. GMS is a recipient of the Heart and Stroke Foundation/University of Alberta Professorship of Neonatal Resuscitation and a Heart and Stroke Foundation Canada and a Heart and Stroke Foundation Alberta New Investigator Award. SH is supported by an Australian Government NHMRC Research Fellowship.