Journal article

Epidemiology of chronic hepatitis B and C in Victoria, Australia: insights and impacts from enhanced surveillance

Jennifer H MacLachlan, Nicole Romero, Nasra Higgins, Rachel Coutts, Rachel Chan, Nicola Stephens, Benjamin C Cowie

AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH | WILEY | Published : 2020

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of an enhanced viral hepatitis surveillance program on data completeness and on epidemiological assessment of affected populations. METHODS: Notified cases of non-acute hepatitis B and C were analysed to determine demographic characteristics and risk factors during the period prior to July 2015-June 2016, and during enhanced surveillance of the period July 2016-June 2017, during which time doctors were contacted for information about new diagnoses. RESULTS: During the enhanced period, completeness for country of birth and Indigenous status doubled for both hepatitis B and hepatitis C, from 18-37% to 48-65%. The incidence ratio of hepatitis C among Aboriginal a..

View full abstract