Journal article

Trends in physical fitness, growth, and nutritional status of Chinese children and adolescents: a retrospective analysis of 1.5 million students from six successive national surveys between 1985 and 2014

Yanhui Dong, Patrick WC Lau, Bin Dong, Zhiyong Zou, Yide Yang, Bo Wen, Yinghua Ma, Peijin Hu, Yi Song, Jun Ma, Susan M Sawyer, George C Patton

The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health | ELSEVIER SCI LTD | Published : 2019

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Physical fitness is strongly associated with health. Despite the extent of the nutritional transition from food scarcity to diets high in fats and refined carbohydrates that has occurred in China, to our knowledge, trends in physical fitness have not been described. We aimed to assess trends in physical fitness and its association with the nutritional transition among Chinese children and adolescents. METHODS: In this retrospective analysis, data from Chinese school students aged 7-18 years were extracted from six successive national surveys undertaken between 1985 and 2014. Six components of physical fitness (forced vital capacity, standing long jump, sit-and-reach, body muscle ..

View full abstract

Grants

Awarded by National Natural Science Foundation


Awarded by Humanities and Social Sciences Planning Fund Project, Ministry of Education, People's Republic of China


Awarded by China Scholarship Council


Funding Acknowledgements

We acknowledge the revision suggestions from Tom Baranowski (Children's Nutrition Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, USA). This study is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation (grant 81673192 to JM), Humanities and Social Sciences Planning Fund Project, Ministry of Education, People's Republic of China (19YJA890022 to YS), and China Scholarship Council (grant 201806010592 to YD), as well as the Innovation Fund for Outstanding Doctoral Candidates of Peking University Health Science Center to YD.