Journal article

Adolescent and adult perceptions of the effects of larger size graphic health warnings on conventional and plain tobacco packs in India: A community-based cross-sectional study

Gaurang P Nazar, Monika Arora, Vinay K Gupta, Tina Rawal, Amit Yadav, Nanda K Kannuri, Surbhi Shrivastava, Nathan Grills, Premila Webster



INTRODUCTION: We studied adolescent and adult perceptions of the effects of larger size, 85% versus 40%, Graphic Health Warnings (GHWs) on conventional and plain tobacco packs, in India. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 2121 participants (aged ≥13 years), during the period 2015-16, in Delhi and Telangana, India. Four categories of GHWs on tobacco packs were shown: A - 40% existing (April 2013-April 2016), B - 40% new (April 2016-present), C - 85% new, and D - plain packs (85% new). Regression models tested percentage differences in choice of categories for eight outcomes, adjusted for gender, area of residence, socioeconomic status, age, and tobacco use. RESULTS: Of the t..

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Funding Acknowledgements

This study was funded by The Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford. No external sources other than the research team were involved: in the study design; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the paper for publication. The corresponding author had full access to all the data in the study and had final responsibility for the decision to submit the manuscript for publication.