Journal article

Risk factors for chronic kidney disease of non-traditional causes: a systematic review

Evelina Chapman, Michelle M Haby, Eduardo Illanes, Julian Sanchez-Viamonte, Vanessa Elias, Ludovic Reveiz

Pan American Journal of Public Health | PAN AMER HEALTH ORGANIZATION | Published : 2019

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the potential associations between chronic kidney disease of uncertain or non-traditional etiology (CKDnT) and agrochemicals, heat stress, heavy metals, and other factors identified in the literature in any region of the world and at any time. Methods: This was a systematic review of the most frequent exposures suspected to be possible causes of CKDnT. A search was conducted of PubMed, LILACS, World Wide Science electronic databases, among other sources. Only medium- and high-quality studies were included. The synthesis of evidence included a narrative synthesis, meta-analysis, and meta-regression. Results: Four systematic reviews and 61 primary studies were included...

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