Journal article

A Short Message Service Intervention to Support Adherence to Home-Based Strengthening Exercise for People With Knee Osteoarthritis: Intervention Design Applying the Behavior Change Wheel

Rachel K Nelligan, Rana S Hinman, Lou Atkins, Kim L Bennell



BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis is a chronic condition with no known cure. Treatment focuses on symptom management, with exercise recommended as a core component by all clinical practice guidelines. However, long-term adherence to exercise is poor among many people with knee osteoarthritis, which limits its capacity to provide sustained symptom relief. To improve exercise outcomes, scalable interventions that facilitate exercise adherence are needed. SMS (short message service) interventions show promise in health behavior change. The Behavior Change Wheel (BCW) is a widely used framework that provides a structured approach to designing behavior change interventions and has been used extensi..

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Awarded by National Health & Medical Research Council

Funding Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank SMS Solutions PTY LTD who developed the SMS program platform and online interface. The authors would also like to thank the academics, physiotherapists, and consumers who provided input into SMS wording. This study is funded by the National Health and Medical Research Council (Centre of Research Excellence). RSH is supported by the National Health & Medical Research Council Fellowship (No 1154217). KLB is supported by the National Health & Medical Research Council Fellowship (No 1058440). RKN is supported by the Australian Government Research Training Program Scholarship.