Protocol-specified final analysis of the phase 3 KEYNOTE-048 trial of pembrolizumab (pembro) as first-line therapy for recurrent/metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (R/M HNSCC).
Danny Rischin, Kevin J Harrington, Richard Greil, Denis Soulieres, Makoto Tahara, Gilberto de Castro, Amanda Psyrri, Neus Baste, Prakash C Neupane, Ase Bratland, Thorsten Fuereder, Brett Gordon Maxwell Hughes, Ricard Mesia, Nuttapong Ngamphaiboon, Tamara Rordorf, Wan Zamaniah Wan Ishak, Yayan Zhang, Fan Jin, Burak Gumuscu, Barbara Burtness
Journal of Clinical Oncology | AMER SOC CLINICAL ONCOLOGY | Published : 2019
6000 Background: KEYNOTE-048 is a phase 3 study of P or P + chemo (C) vs EXTREME (E) as 1L therapy for R/M HNSCC (NCT02358031). At the second interim analysis (IA2), P significantly improved OS in the PD-L1 combined positive score (CPS) ≥20 and ≥1 populations and had noninferior OS in the total population with favorable safety; P+C significantly improved OS in the total population with comparable safety. We present the protocol-specified final results. Methods: 882 pts with locally incurable R/M HNSCC and no prior systemic therapy in the R/M setting who provided a tumor sample for PD-L1 testing were randomized to P 200 mg Q3W for 24 mo (n = 301), P for 24 mo + 6 cycles of C (cisplatin 100 m..View full abstract