Journal article

The inter-tester reliability of the squeeze and bent-knee-fall-out tests in elite academy football players

James O'Brien, Emanuel Santner, Caroline F Finch

Physical Therapy in Sport | CHURCHILL LIVINGSTONE | Published : 2018


OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the inter-tester reliability of two common tests for assessing hip and groin injuries, using a protocol closely reflecting normal clinical conditions. DESIGN: Same-session, single-trial, inter-tester reliability study. SETTING: Elite European football academy. PARTICIPANTS: Two testers and fifty-eight football players aged 14-21 years. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Inter-tester reliability of the squeeze (in approximately 45° hip flexion) and bent-knee-fall-out (BKFO) tests, evaluated with intraclass correlation coefficients (two-way mixed, single measure) and minimal detectable change. RESULTS: Both tests demonstrated excellent inter-tester reliability. The intraclass corre..

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University of Melbourne Researchers