Combining Epidemiology and Biomechanics in Sports Injury Prevention Research A New Approach for Selecting Suitable Controls
Caroline F Finch, Shahid Ullah, Andrew S McIntosh
Sports Medicine | ADIS INT LTD | Published : 2011
Several important methodological issues need to be considered when designing sports injury case-control studies. Major design goals for case-control studies include the accounting for prior injury risk exposure, and optimal definitions of both cases and suitable controls are needed to ensure this. This article reviews methodological aspects of published sports injury case-control studies, particularly with regard to the selection of controls. It argues for a new approach towards selecting controls for case-control studies that draws on an interface between epidemiological and biomechanical concepts. A review was conducted to identify sport injury case-control studies published in the peer-re..View full abstract
Professor Caroline Finch was supported by a National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC), Principal Research Fellowship. Dr Shahid Ullah was supported by an Injury Trauma and Rehabilitation Research Fellowship funded through a (NHMRC) Capacity Building Grant in Population Health. Peter Richardson assisted with the original literature searches and retrieval of published articles for the review. The authors have no conflicts of interest that are directly relevant to the content of this review.