Journal article

Ground hardness and injury in community level Australian football

Dara M Twomey, Caroline F Finch, David G Lloyd, Bruce C Elliott, Tim LA Doyle

Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport | ELSEVIER SCI LTD | Published : 2012


OBJECTIVES: To describe the risk and details of injuries associated with ground hardness in community level Australian football (AF). DESIGN: Prospective injury surveillance with periodic objective ground hardness measurement. METHODS: 112 ground hardness assessments were undertaken using a Clegg hammer at nine locations across 20 grounds, over the 2007 and 2008 AF seasons. Details of 352 injuries sustained by community level players on those grounds were prospectively collected as part of a large randomised controlled trial. The ground location of the injury was matched to the nearest corresponding ground hardness Clegg hammer readings, in gravities (g), which were classified from unaccepta..

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University of Melbourne Researchers


Awarded by nationally competitive research grant from the (Australian) National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)

Awarded by NHMRC Principal Research Fellowship

Funding Acknowledgements

The PAFIX study was funded by a nationally competitive research grant from the (Australian) National Health and Medical Research Council (NH&MRC) - Project ID 400937. Authors DT and TD were funded by research fellowships through this grant. CFF was supported by an NHMRC Principal Research Fellowship (ID: 565900). Additional project funds were provided by the Sport and Recreation Victoria portfolio of the Department for Victorian Communities. The Australian Centre for Research into Injury in Sport and its Prevention (ACRISP) is one of the International Research Centres for Prevention of Injury and Protection of Athlete Health supported by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). Teams, coaches and players from the Ballarat Football League, Central Highlands Football League and Western Australian Amateur Football League are thanked for their contribution. The authors would also like to thank Dr Jack Harvey for his statistical support.