Geographic mapping as a tool for identifying communities at high risk of fire and burn injuries in children
Roslyn G Poulos, Andrew Hayen, Shanley SS Chong, Caroline F Finch
BURNS | ELSEVIER SCI LTD | Published : 2009
Burns are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in children. Although industrialized countries have achieved significant declines in deaths and hospitalizations for these injuries in recent decades, the benefits have not been shared equally by children across all socioeconomic groups. We used Bayesian methods to map posterior expected relative risks, as an estimate of smoothed hospital separation ratios for fire and burns in children, across local government areas in New South Wales, Australia. The geographic pattern of relative risk varied by age group; higher than average risks were observed for children residing in rural and remote areas, as well as in scattered local government ..View full abstract
RGP was supported by a National Health and Medical Research Council Capacity Building Grant in Injury, Trauma and Rehabilitation. CFF is a Lead Investigator, with others, on this grant. AH and SSSC were supported by the NSW Injury Risk Management Research Centre, with core funding provided by the NSW Health Department, the NSW Roads and Traffic Authority and the Motor Accidents Authority; some support for SSSC was also provided through a University of New South Wales Faculty Research Grant. CFF was supported by a Principal Research Fellowship from the National Health and Medical Research Council, Australia.The authors wish to thank the Centre for Epidemiology and Research at the NSW Health Department for providing the NSW Inpatients Statistics Collection data from the Health Outcomes and Information Statistical Toolkit (HOIST) analysed in this study; and Diane Hindmarsh (NSW Health) for advice on mapping.