The Characteristics of Incorrect Restraint Use Among Children Traveling in Cars in New South Wales, Australia
Julie Brown, Julie Hatfield, Wei Du, Caroline F Finch, Lynne E Bilston
Traffic Injury Prevention | TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC | Published : 2010
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to provide population estimates of incorrect restraint use among children aged 0-12 traveling in cars in New South Wales (NSW) and describe the errors occurring in different restraint types. METHODS: Observations of randomly selected children and restraints were conducted in situ by trained researchers at sites statewide. Observation sites were randomly selected using a multistage stratified sample plan. Restraint use errors were recorded and analyzed by severity of error and restraint type using complex survey analysis techniques. RESULTS: One in two children was incorrectly restrained, and 38 percent in a serious manner. Multiple errors were common (31% of childr..View full abstract
This work was funded by an ARC Linkage grant with partner funding from the Motor Accidents Authority of New South Wales and the New South Wales Roads and Traffic Authority. Julie Brown is supported by an Australian Research Council APDI Fellowship. Wei Du was supported by an ARC APAI scholarship. Julie Hatfield was supported by an NHMRC Population Health Capacity Building Grant in Injury Prevention, Trauma and Rehabilitation (ITR). Lynne Bilston is supported by an NHMRC Senior Research Fellowship. Caroline Finch is supported by an NHMRC Principal Research Fellowship. The authors also thank Paul Kelly, Mike Vernon, Keith Pearce, and Nimmi Magedara for their assistance in collecting data and Lin Lin for her assistance with data entry.