Journal article

Effects of HIV Infection on Pulmonary Artery Pressure in Children

Nikmah S Idris, Cuno SPM Uiterwaal, David P Burgner, Diederick E Grobbee, Nia Kurniati, Michael MH Cheung

Global Heart | ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC | Published : 2019

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension may complicate human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and result in right ventricular (RV) failure and premature death. There are limited data of the effects of childhood HIV infection or antiretroviral therapy (ART) on pulmonary artery pressure (PAP). OBJECTIVES: To establish if there is an association between childhood HIV infection or its treatment and pulmonary artery pressure. METHODS: The study conducted a cross-sectional study of 102 HIV-infected (48 ART-naïve, 54 ART-exposed) and 51 HIV-uninfected children in Jakarta, Indonesia, to estimate PAP using echocardiography parameters: tricuspid regurgitation peak velocity (TRV), left ventricular sys..

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