Journal article

Repeated mild traumatic brain injuries induce persistent changes in plasma protein and magnetic resonance imaging biomarkers in the rat

David K Wright, Rhys D Brady, Alaa Kamnaksh, Jack Trezise, Mujun Sun, Stuart J McDonald, Richelle Mychasiuk, Scott C Kolbe, Meng Law, Leigh A Johnston, Terence J O'Brien, Denes V Agoston, Sandy R Shultz

Scientific Reports | Nature Publishing Group | Published : 2019


A single mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) typically causes only transient symptoms, but repeated mTBI (RmTBI) is associated with cumulative and chronic neurological abnormalities. Clinical management of mTBI is challenging due to the heterogeneous, subjective and transient nature of symptoms, and thus would be aided by objective biomarkers. Promising biomarkers including advanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and plasma levels of select proteins were examined here in a rat model of RmTBI. Rats received either two mild fluid percussion or sham injuries administered five days apart. Rats underwent MRI and behavioral testing 1, 3, 5, 7, and 30 days after the second injury and blood samples..

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