Journal article

Overcoming compliance bias in self-report studies: A cross-study analysis

Niels van Berkel, Jorge Goncalves, Simo Hosio, Zhanna Sarsenbayeva, Eduardo Velloso, Vassilis Kostakos

International Journal of Human-Computer Studies | ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD | Published : 2020

Abstract

A popular methodology used for in situ observations is the Experience Sampling Method (ESM), in which participants intermittently answer short questionnaires. We analyse a set of recent ESM studies and find substantial differences in the number of collected responses across participants. These differences amount to ‘compliance bias’, as the experiences of responsive participants skew the results. Our work develops ways for researchers to ensure the collection of an adequate number of responses across participants. Through a cross-study analysis of ESM studies, we construct a model that describes the effect of contextual, routine, and study-specific factors on participants’ response rate. In ..

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