Journal article

Estimating the pattern of causes of death in Papua New Guinea

Urarang Kitur, Tim Adair, Ian Riley, Alan D Lopez

BMC PUBLIC HEALTH | BMC | Published : 2019

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Papua New Guinea (PNG) is a diverse country with high mortality and evidence of increased prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), but there is no reliable cause of death (COD) data because civil registration is insufficient and routine health data comprise only a small proportion of deaths. This study aims to estimate cause-specific mortality fractions (CSMFs) for five broad groups of causes (endemic infections, emerging infections, endemic NCDs, emerging NCDs and injuries), by sex for each of PNG's provinces. METHODS: CSMFs are calculated as the average of estimates obtained from: (1) Empirical cause method: Utilising available Verbal Autopsy (VA) data and Discharge Heal..

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