Language Skills in Children Born Preterm (< 30 Wks' Gestation) Throughout Childhood: Associations With Biological and Socioenvironmental Factors
Nguyen Thi-Nhu-Ngoc, Megan Spencer-Smith, Leona Pascoe, Karli Treyvaud, Katherine J Lee, Deanne K Thompson, Jeanie LY Cheong, Lex W Doyle, Peter J Anderson
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics | LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS | Published : 2019
OBJECTIVE: To examine the individual and collective contribution of biological and socioenvironmental factors associated with language function at 2, 5, 7, and 13 years in children born preterm (<30 weeks' gestation or <1250 g birth weight). METHODS: Language function was assessed as part of a prospective longitudinal study of 224 children born preterm at 2, 5, 7, and 13 years using age-appropriate tools. Language Z-scores were generated based on a contemporaneous term-born control group. A selection of biological factors (sex, small for gestational age, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, infection, and qualitatively defined brain injury) and early socioenvironmental factors at age 2 years (primary..View full abstract
Awarded by Australian National Health and Medical Council (NHMRC)
Awarded by US National Institutes of Health
This study was supported by the Australian National Health and Medical Council (NHMRC) (Centres of Research Excellence 1060733; Project Grants 237117, 491209, and 1066555; Senior Research Fellowship (1081288 [P. J. Anderson]; Career Development Fellowship 1085754 [D. K. Thompson], 1141354 [J. L. Y. Cheong], and 1127984 [K. J. Lee]), the US National Institutes of Health (HD058056), Murdoch Children's Research Institute, the Royal Children's Hospital Foundation, and the Victorian Government's Operational Infrastructure Support Program.