Genetic variation, intrauterine growth, and adverse pregnancy conditions predict leptin gene DNA methylation in blood at birth and 12 months of age
Toby Mansell, Anne-Louise Ponsonby, Fiona Collier, David Burgner, Peter Vuillermin, Katherine Lange, Joanne Ryan, Richard Saffery, John Carlin, Katie Allen, Mimi Tang, Sarath Ranganathan, Terry Dwyer, Kim Jachno, Peter Sly
International Journal of Obesity | NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2020
BACKGROUND: Leptin regulates satiety and energy homoeostasis, and plays a key role in placentation in pregnancy. Previous studies have demonstrated regulation of leptin gene (LEP) expression and/or methylation in placenta and cord blood in association with early life exposures, but most have been small and have not considered the influence of genetic variation. Here, we investigated the relationship between maternal factors in pregnancy, infant anthropometry and LEP genetic variation with LEP promoter methylation at birth and 12 months of age. METHODS: LEP methylation was measured in cord (n = 877) and 12-month (n = 734) blood in the Barwon Infant Study, a population-based pre-birth cohort. ..View full abstract
Awarded by NHMRC
Awarded by NHMRC Dementia Research Leader Fellowship
We thank QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute and the Erasmus MC University Medical Center for their role in coordinating and performing the genotyping of BIS samples. The establishment work and infrastructure for the BIS was provided by the Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Deakin University and Barwon Health. Subsequent funding was secured from the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia, The Jack Brockhoff Foundation, the Scobie Trust, the Shane O'Brien Memorial Asthma Foundation, the Our Women's Our Children's Fund Raising Committee Barwon Health, The Shepherd Foundation, the Rotary Club of Geelong, the Ilhan Food Allergy Foundation, GMHBA Limited and the Percy Baxter Charitable Trust, Perpetual Trustees. In-kind support was provided by the Cotton On Foundation and CreativeForce. The study sponsors were not involved in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; writing the report; or the decision to submit the report for publication. Research at Murdoch Children's Research Institute is supported by the Victorian Government's Operational Infrastructure Support Program. This work was also supported by a Research Training Program Stipend through University of Melbourne [to TM], NHMRC Senior Research Fellowships [APP1008396 to ALP; APP1045161 to RS]; and an NHMRC Dementia Research Leader Fellowship [APP1135727 to JR].