The Complex Interaction between the Tumor Micro-Environment and Immune Checkpoints in Breast Cancer.
Vanessa Barriga, Nyanbol Kuol, Kulmira Nurgali, Vasso Apostolopoulos
Cancers | Published : 2019
The progression of breast cancer and its association with clinical outcome and treatment remain largely unexplored. Accumulating data has highlighted the interaction between cells of the immune system and the tumor microenvironment in cancer progression, and although studies have identified multiple facets of cancer progression within the development of the tumor microenvironment (TME) and its constituents, there is lack of research into the associations between breast cancer subtype and staging. Current literature has provided insight into the cells and pathways associated with breast cancer progression through expression analysis. However, there is lack of co-expression studies between imm..View full abstract