Mechanisms of tethering and cargo transfer during epididymosome-sperm interactions.
Wei Zhou, Simone J Stanger, Amanda L Anderson, Ilana R Bernstein, Geoffry N De Iuliis, Adam McCluskey, Eileen A McLaughlin, Matthew D Dun, Brett Nixon
BMC Biology | Springer Science and Business Media LLC | Published : 2019
BACKGROUND: The mammalian epididymis is responsible for the provision of a highly specialized environment in which spermatozoa acquire functional maturity and are subsequently stored in preparation for ejaculation. Making important contributions to both processes are epididymosomes, small extracellular vesicles released from the epididymal soma via an apocrine secretory pathway. While considerable effort has been focused on defining the cargo transferred between epididymosomes and spermatozoa, comparatively less is known about the mechanistic basis of these interactions. To investigate this phenomenon, we have utilized an in vitro co-culture system to track the transfer of biotinylated prote..View full abstract