Mental health outcomes associated with the use of amphetamines: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Rebecca McKetin, Janni Leung, Emily Stockings, Yan Huo, James Foulds, Julia M Lappin, Craig Cumming, Shalini Arunogiri, Jesse T Young, Grant Sara, Michael Farrell, Louisa Degenhardt
EClinicalMedicine | ELSEVIER | Published : 2019
Background: The use of amphetamines is a global public health concern. We summarise global data on use of amphetamines and mental health outcomes. Methods: A systematic review and meta-analysis (CRD 42017081893). We searched Medline, EMBASE, PsycInfo for methamphetamine or amphetamine combined with psychosis, violence, suicidality, depression or anxiety. Included studies were human empirical cross-sectional surveys, case-control studies, cohort studies and randomised controlled trials that assessed the association between methamphetamine and one of the mental health outcomes. Random effects meta-analysis was used to pool results for any use of amphetamines and amphetamine use disorders. Find..View full abstract
National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Curtin University, NHMRC and NIH.