Journal article

Freshwater Supply to Metropolitan Shanghai: Issues of Quality from Source to Consumers

Maotian Li, Jing Chen, Brian Finlayson, Zhongyuan Chen, Michael Webber, Jon Barnett, Mark Wang

WATER | MDPI | Published : 2019

Abstract

Shanghai is experiencing drinking water supply problems that are caused by heavy pollution of its raw water supply, deficiencies in its treatment processes, and water quality deterioration in the distribution system. However, little attention has been paid these problems of water quality in raw water, water treatment, and household drinking water. Based on water quality data from 1979 to 2016, we show that microbes (TBC), eutrophication (TP, TN, and NH3-N), heavy metals (Fe, Mn, and Hg), and organic contamination (chemical oxygen demand (COD), detergent (Linear Alklybenzene Sulfonate, LAS), and volatile phenols (VP)) pollute the raw water sources of the Huangpu River and the Changjiang (Yang..

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Grants

Awarded by Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China


Awarded by Australian Research Council


Funding Acknowledgements

This research is funded by the Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China grant number 2017YFC0506000 and 2016YFE0133700, and also be funded by the Australian Research Council, grant number P110103381.