Journal article

Genioglossus muscle responses to resistive loads in severe OSA patients and healthy control subjects

Warren R Ruehland, Peter D Rochford, Robert J Pierce, John Trinder, Amy S Jordan, Jennifer M Cori, Fergal J O'Donoghue

Journal of Applied Physiology | AMER PHYSIOLOGICAL SOC | Published : 2019

Abstract

This study aimed to determine whether there is impairment of genioglossus neuromuscular responses to small negative pressure respiratory stimuli, close to the conscious detection threshold, in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). We compared genioglossus electromyogram (EMGgg) responses to midinspiratory resistive loads of varying intensity (≈1.2-6.2 cmH2O·L-1·s), delivered via a nasal mask, between 16 severe OSA and 17 control participants while the subjects were awake and in a seated upright position. We examined the relationship between stimulus intensity and peak EMGgg amplitude in a 200-ms poststimulus window and hypothesized that OSA patients would have an increased activation threshold and ..

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