Surpassing the subitizing threshold: appetitive-aversive conditioning improves discrimination of numerosities in honeybees
Scarlett R Howard, Aurore Avargues-Weber, Jair E Garcia, Andrew D Greentree, Adrian G Dyer
Journal of Experimental Biology | COMPANY BIOLOGISTS LTD | Published : 2019
Animals including humans, fish and honeybees have demonstrated a quantity discrimination threshold at four objects, often known as subitizing elements. Discrimination between numerosities at or above the subitizing range is considered a complex capacity. In the current study, we trained and tested two groups of bees on their ability to differentiate between quantities (4 versus 5 through to 4 versus 8) when trained with different conditioning procedures. Bees trained with appetitive (reward) differential conditioning demonstrated no significant learning of this task, and limited discrimination above the subitizing range. In contrast, bees trained using appetitive-aversive (reward-aversion) d..View full abstract
S.R.H. acknowledges the Australian Government Research Training Program (RTP) Scholarship S.R.H. and A.A.-W. acknowledge the Fyssen Foundation.