Journal article

Constraining regional greenhouse gas emissions using geostationary concentration measurements: a theoretical study

PJ Rayner, SR Utembe, S Crowell

Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions | Copernicus GmbH


Abstract. We investigate the ability of column-integrated trace gas measurements from a geostationary satellite to constrain surface fluxes at regional scale. The proposed geoCARB instrument measures CO2, CO and CH4 at a maximum resolution of 3 km east–west × 2.7 km north–south. Precisions are 3 ppm for CO2, 10 ppb for CO and 18 ppb for CH4. Sampling frequency is flexible. Here we sample a region at the location of Shanghai every 2 daylight hours for 6 days in June. We test the observing system by calculating the posterior uncertainty covariance of fluxes. We are able to constrain urban emissions at 3 km resolution including an isolated power-plant. The CO measurement plays the strongest rol..

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University of Melbourne Researchers

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