An eating pattern characterised by skipped or delayed breakfast is associated with mood disorders among an Australian adult cohort.
JE Wilson, L Blizzard, SL Gall, CG Magnussen, WH Oddy, T Dwyer, K Sanderson, AJ Venn, KJ Smith
Psychological Medicine | Published : 2020
BACKGROUND: Meal timing may influence food choices, neurobiology and psychological states. Our exploratory study examined if time-of-day eating patterns were associated with mood disorders among adults. METHODS: During 2004-2006 (age 26-36 years) and 2009-2011 (follow-up, age 31-41 years), N = 1304 participants reported 24-h food and beverage intake. Time-of-day eating patterns were derived by principal components analysis. At follow-up, the Composite International Diagnostic Interview measured lifetime mood disorder. Log binomial and adjacent categories log-link regression were used to examine bidirectional associations between eating patterns and mood disorder. Covariates included sex, age..View full abstract