Journal article

Anthropometric measures that identify premature and low birth weight newborns in Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study with community follow-up

Netsanet Workneh Gidi, Melkamu Berhane, Tsinuel Girma, Alemseged Abdissa, Ruth Lim, Katherine Lee, Cattram Nguyen, Fiona Russell

Archives of Disease in Childhood | BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2020

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate foot length (FL), chest circumference (CHC) and mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) as predictors of low birth weight (LBW) or prematurity, and to describe the agreement between the gestational age (GA) assessments ascertained by the New Ballard Score (NBS) and the Eregie model. METHODS: A hospital-based cross-sectional study with community follow-up in a subset was conducted in Jimma University Medical Center, Ethiopia. GA (NBS and Eregie model), weight, FL, CHC and MUAC were measured at birth. Anthropometrics were repeated at 5 days of age. RESULTS: The optimal cut-offs indicative of LBW were ≤7.7 cm for FL; ≤31.2 cm for CHC and ≤9.8 cm for MUAC. CHC, MUAC and FL i..

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