Journal article

Modifiable pathways for colorectal cancer: a mendelian randomisation analysis

Alex J Cornish, Philip J Law, Maria Timofeeva, Kimmo Palin, Susan M Farrington, Claire Palles, Mark A Jenkins, Graham Casey, Hermann Brenner, Jenny Chang-Claude, Michael Hoffmeister, Iva Kirac, Tim Maughan, Stefanie Brezina, Andrea Gsur, Jeremy P Cheadle, Lauri A Aaltonen, Ian Tomlinson, Malcolm G Dunlop, Richard S Houlston

Lancet Gastroenterology and Hepatology | ELSEVIER INC | Published : 2020

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have linked lifestyle, cardiometabolic, reproductive, developmental, and inflammatory factors to the risk of colorectal cancer. However, which specific factors affect risk and the strength of these effects are unknown. We aimed to examine the relationship between potentially modifiable risk factors and colorectal cancer. METHODS: We used a random-effects model to examine the relationship between 39 potentially modifiable risk factors and colorectal cancer in 26 397 patients with colorectal cancer and 41 481 controls (ie, people without colorectal cancer). These population data came from a genome-wide association study of people of European ancestry, which ..

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