Journal article

Understandings of the component causes of harm from cigarette smoking in Australia

Bill King, Ron Borland, Hua-Hie Yong, Coral Gartner, David Hammond, Stephan Lewandowsky, Richard O'Connor

Drug and Alcohol Review | WILEY | Published : 2019

Abstract

INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: To investigate relationships between smoking-related behaviours and knowledge of the disease risks of smoking and the causes of smoking harms, using a four-way division of 'component causes': nicotine, other substances found in unburned tobacco, combustion products of tobacco and additives. DESIGN AND METHODS: The data were collected using an on-line survey in Australia with 1047 participants in three groups; young non-smokers (18 to 25), young smokers (18 to 25) and older smokers (26 and above). RESULTS: Most participants agreed that cancer and heart disease are major risks of smoking but only a quarter accurately quantified the mortality risk of lifetime daily smokin..

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Grants

Awarded by Victorian Health Promotion Foundation (VicHealth) Tobacco Harm Reduction Programme


Awarded by Hollings Cancer Center Support Grant at the Medical University of South Carolina


Funding Acknowledgements

This study was supported by the Victorian Health Promotion Foundation (VicHealth) Tobacco Harm Reduction Programme (2014-0152) and by pilot research funding from the Hollings Cancer Center Support Grant (P30 CA138313) at the Medical University of South Carolina. We thank Jae Cooper, of Cancer Council Victoria, and Kylie Morphett, of University of Queensland, for suggestions about survey content, and Tina Petroulias and Sarah Studds, of the Social Research Centre, for advice on wording and ordering of survey items.