Journal article

Visual and Affective Grounding in Language and Mind

Simon De Deyne, Danielle Navarro, Guillem Collell, Amy Perfors

Center for Open Science

Abstract

One of the main limitations in natural language-based approaches to meaning is that they are not grounded. In this study, we evaluate how well different kinds of models account for people’s representations of both concrete and abstract concepts. The models are both unimodal (language-based only) models and multimodal distributional semantic models (which additionallyincorporate perceptual and/or affective information). The language-based models include both external (based on text corpora) and internal (derived from word associations) language. We present two new studies and a re-analysis of a series of previous studies demonstrating that the unimodal performance is substantially higher for ..

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