Journal article

Hypoxaemia in hospitalised children and neonates: A prospective cohort study in Nigerian secondary-level hospitals

Hamish Graham, Ayobami A Bakare, Adejumoke Ayede, Oladapo B Oyewole, Amy Gray, David Peel, Barbara McPake, Eleanor Neal, Shamim A Qazi, Rasa Izadnegahdar, Trevor Duke, Adegoke G Falade

ECLINICALMEDICINE | ELSEVIER | Published : 2019

Abstract

Background: Hypoxaemia is a common complication of pneumonia and a major risk factor for death, but less is known about hypoxaemia in other common conditions. We evaluated the epidemiology of hypoxaemia and oxygen use in hospitalised neonates and children in Nigeria. Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study among neonates and children (<15 years of age) admitted to 12 secondary-level hospitals in southwest Nigeria (November 2015-November 2017) using data extracted from clinical records (documented during routine care). We report summary statistics on hypoxaemia prevalence, oxygen use, and clinical predictors of hypoxaemia. We used generalised linear mixed-models to calculate relative..

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