Journal article

The ORVAC trial protocol: a phase IV, double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled clinical trial of a third scheduled dose of Rotarix rotavirus vaccine in Australian Indigenous infants to improve protection against gastroenteritis

Bianca Fleur Middleton, Mark A Jones, Claire S Waddington, Margaret Danchin, Carly McCallum, Sarah Gallagher, Amanda Jane Leach, Ross Andrews, Carl Kirkwood, Nigel Cunliffe, Jonathan Carapetis, Julie A Marsh, Tom Snelling

BMJ OPEN | BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2019

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Rotavirus vaccines were introduced into the Australian National Immunisation Program in 2007. Despite this, Northern Territory Indigenous children continue to be hospitalised with rotavirus at a rate more than 20 times higher than non-Indigenous children in other Australian jurisdictions, with evidence of waning protection in the second year of life. We hypothesised that scheduling an additional (third) dose of oral human rotavirus vaccine (Rotarix, GlaxoSmithKline) for children aged 6 to <12 months would improve protection against clinically significant all-cause gastroenteritis. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This Bayesian adaptive clinical trial will investigate whether routinely sch..

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